Nayland is an attractive, decayed market centre in the Stour valley with many surviving fine timber framed buildings, particularly along Bear Street - see the gallery.
Nayland was recorded in Domesday as "Neilanda" or "Eilanda".
It appears on the 1856 OS map and John Speed's 1610 map as "Neyland".
The church of St James features an altarpiece painted for the church by John Constable in 1810 (one of only three religious pictures he painted; it was commissioned by an aunt who lived in the village). The ancient settlement of Court Knoll, enclosed by a ditch and bank, lies under the fields about a quarter of a mile to the south. The Anchor was recorded as being an HQ for Press Gangs during the Napoleonic Wars.
In 1883 the West Suffolk county council decided that it should be joined with another local parish to become Nayland with Wissington.
Sometimes the Leavenheath Red Lion may also be historically listed in the pariah.
The Old Pest* House, off Gravel Hill, was an 18th century isolation hospital, now residential.
* From Yersinia pestis, the bacterium that caused the Black Death.
Public houses by StreetJames Cuddon (and other) brewer & maltster is reported at various times in Church Lane or Church Street:
The 1844 White's Directory lists Jas Cuddon as brewer & maltster.
The 1855 White's Directory lists James Cudden as a brewer & maltster.
The 1861 Census lists James Peddon, Brewer & Maltster, 1 Church Street, Head/Married/66y/born Stoke By Nayland.
The 1865 Kelly's Directory lists James Cuddon as a brewer.
The 1869 Kelly's Directory lists Cuddon & co as brewers and 5 beer retailers called:
James Bacon Butchers' Arms
Thomas Southernwood Star & Garter?
Some historical information from English Heritage's National Monuments Record.